Alpirsbach
Community ID
 
2790
 
Alternate Names
 
Alpirsbchum, Albersbach
 
Town
 
Alpirsbach
 
Diocese
 
Konstanz
 
Region
 
Baden-Württemberg
 
Medieval Location
 
In the Black Forest near the large and small Kinzig rivers, with other property around the upper Neckar River
 
Modern Location
 
In the center of the town of Alpirsbach
 
Corporate Status
 
Double monastery
 
Dedication
 
Holy Cross; Blessed Virgin Mary; Saint Benedict
 
Date Founded
 
1095
 
Date Terminated
 
1535
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine
 
Rule
 
Benedictine
 
Congregation
 
Hirsau
 
Foundation Information
 

On 16 January 1095 three noblemen gave their shared inheritance to Saint Benedict in an official ceremony. Count Alwig von Sulz, Count Adalbert von Zollern and Ruotmann von Neckarhausen donated the domain of Alpirsbach in the Black Forest together with large possessions of property and rights which lay on the upper Neckar River. A small wooden oratory was consecrated as the temporary monastery church.

 
First Members
 

Kuno von St. Blasien became the first Abbot of Alpirsbach.

 
Notable Heads
 

Abbott Georg Schwarz (1471-1479)
Abbot Hieronymus Hulzing (1479-1495)
Abbott Gebhard Münzer von Sinkingen (1495-1505)
Abbott Jakob Hochrütiner (1548-1555)

 
Population Counts
 

From 1548-1555 there was one abbot and twelve monks.

 
Other Ecclesiastical Relations
 

1482 Alpirsbach Monastery changes to the "Bursfelder Reform"

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Count Alwig von Sulz, Count Adalbert von Zollern and Ruotmann von Neckarhausen donated land to found the monastery.

 
Social Characteristics
 

Low nobility

 
Relative Wealth
 

The monastery had an economic boom beginning in 1482.

 
Assets/Property
 

The 11th century domain of Alpirsbach in the Black Forest together with large possessions of property and rights which lay on the upper Neckar River. Sawmills and fishponds.

 
Income
 

The monks operated sawmills and fish ponds, and the monastery held the rights to hunting, forestry, fishing and the rafting of timber

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

Romanesque and Gothic. The buildings include:
Monastery Church
Enclosure
Infirmary, later Parsonage
Chapel of St. Mary with Library Hall
Oratory/Leutkirche
Clerks Office of secular Monastery Office, later Treasury Office
"Upper Castle", Administration of secular Monastery Office, later Monastery Administrative Office
"Castle", medieval residential tower
Former, filled-in pond around the castle
Lower Gate House
Romanesque Residential Building, later Granary
Workshop, Outbuilding from secular monastery period
"Sohmhaus", western Pediment preserved
Barn, secular monastery period
Oberes Torhaus, weltl Klosteramtszeit
Market Hall and Meeting Place for court and later administrative meetings of the secular monastery office, later Town Hall

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

The enclosure is almsot completely preserved. The East Building was renovated in the 15th century. Little of the original South Building remains due to a fire in the 19th century. The West Building and the Cloister were expanded and altered in the Gothic conversion in the 15th century, but remain in good condition

 
Admin. Notes
 

The only evidence I can find that this was a double monastery is from Alison Beach's database. Otherwise I would have thought it was only for men. - cf (7/5/04)

 
Contributors
 
Alison Beach; http://www.alpirsbach.de/index.html; http://www.schloesser-magazin.de
 
Date Started
 
1095
 
Date Finished
 
1535