Cell Craobhnat
Community ID
 
1124
 
Alternate Names
 
Casta Silva / Kilcreunata / Cill-Craebhnat / Kilcrevet / Kilcreevanty
 
Diocese
 
Tuam
 
Region
 
Galway
 
Modern Location
 
3 miles NW of Tuam
 
Corporate Status
 
Abbey
 
Date Founded
 
1200 (circa)
 
Date Terminated
 
1543, April 10
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine at foundation / Augustinian (Arroasian) / Cistercian for brief period under Honorius III / returned to Augustinian (Arroasian) 1223
 
Notable Heads
 

Orlayth, abbess during papacy of Honorius III and archbishopric Felix O Ruadhan of Tuam / Orata, abbess 1223 / Finnghuala daughter of Fedhlim O'Conor, abbess, died 1301 / Dervaile (Dervorgilla) O'Conor last abbess

 
Priveleges & Papal Exemptions
 

1223 Honorius III exempts from all jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Tuam except personal triennial visitation of abp. and abbot of Cong (repeated in bull later issued by Boniface IX ca. 1400)/ trespass suits re. same exemption 1308, 1309 against Abp. William de Bermingham of Tuam for undue visitations and procurations

 
Visitations
 

see Papal Exemptions. Bull referred to in Boniface IX by Honorius III, before agreement of 1223, allowed nuns to take Cistercian rule, resulting controversy between abbess Orlaith and abp. of Tuam led to withdrawal of permission in agreement of 1223. Orlaith and successors and nuns exempted from jurisdiction of the abp except as noted above.

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

Patronized by O'Conor kings of Connacht.

 
Assets/Property
 

At termination: church and belfry, dormitory, hall, 3 chambers, kitchen, etc., with precincts of 2 acres; possessions included about 880 acres, 14 rectories, 7 chapels; total value 34 pounds / other property mentioned in inquisition of 1594: castle, about 120 acres at Loch Mask. Monasticon hibernicum, or, A history of the abbeys, priories, and other religious houses in Ireland : interspersed with memoirs of their several founders and benefactors, and of their abbots and other superiors, to the time of their final suppression, 799. Granted in 1562 to Richard, Earl of Clanricarde; Monasticon hibernicum, or, A history of the abbeys, priories, and other religious houses in Ireland : interspersed with memoirs of their several founders and benefactors, and of their abbots and other superiors, to the time of their final suppression, 270; also History of the archdiocese of Tuam i. 214.

 
Litigations
 

Suit brought by nuns against William de Bermingham, abp. of Tuam, 1308 and 1309 for undue visitations and procurations.

 
Contributors
 
R. Eickwort
 
Date Started
 
1200
 
Date Finished
 
1543
 
Length
 
1265